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87 Monroe Center

Grand Rapids, MI 49503

 

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george@graama.org

PROMINENT & HISTORICAL ICONS OF GRAND RAPIDS

Rev. William Abney

Paul Collins

Xavier Davis

DeBarges

Stephen Drew

Dr. Julius Franks

Sherman D. Gillespie

Al Green

Adina Howard

Dr. Randal Jelks

Dr. Edward Jones

Benjamin Logan II

Elias Lumpkins, Jr.

Buster Mathis, Jr.

Paul Mayhue

Floyd Mayweather, Jr.

Joseph McMillan

Montford Point Marines

Rev. Lyman S. Parks

W. L. Patterson

Dr. Patricia Pulliam

Ted Raspberry

Roy Roberts

Dr. Marvin Sapp

Reuben Smartt

Cedric Ward

and more...

June 1864

In 1864, Congress passed legislation for equal pay to Black soldiers. During the Civil War, Blacks would only get $7 per month in comparison to white soldiers receiving $13. In today’s market that would translate to $116 and $215, respectively.

When the Militia Act was adopted in July 1862, a number of rationales were used to justify the pay differential. One was  that Lincoln and DC officials were skeptical that blacks would make good combat troops, and hence, paid them lower wages.

June 1967

President Lyndon Johnson nominates Thurgood Marshall – attorney, civil rights activist, and solicitor general – to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1967. In August to the same year, Marshall gets sworn in as the first African American as Supreme Court justice.

The high-water mark of Marshall’s career as a litigator came in 1954 with his victory in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. In that case, Marshall argued that the ‘separate but equal’ principle was unconstitutional, and designed to keep blacks “as near [slavery] as possible.”

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June 2021

Both the Senate and House passed legislation to make June 19, or Juneteenth, a federal holiday marking the end of slavery in the U.S.  President Biden's signature would make Juneteenth the nation's 12th federal holiday.

The enslaved African American in Galveston, Texas was notified in 1865, two years after the Emancipation Proclamation had been signed, that all slaves in the Confederate states had been granted freedom.

@ 2020 Grand Rapids African American Museum & Archives

GRAAMA

87 Monroe Center St NW

Grand Rapids, MI 49503

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george@graama.org